Trace monotypes are made without the use of a press. Instead, one inks up either a plate or a piece of paper, applies another piece of paper directly over the inked surface, and, using direct pressure on the back side of that paper, transfers the ink to make the image. Fingers, sticks, brush ends, almost anything can be used to make different types of marks onto the “transfer” print. A piece of waxed paper placed on top of the print paper helps protect it from being damaged in the process. This process was popularized by Paul Gauguin–and Paul Klee used the same general process to embellish his paintings! Trace monotypes can be printed in positive and negative. They can also be done in several colors and combined with reduction and frottage techniques–as seen in the Goldenrods, Lemon Yellow print below.